In Morocco there are two official languages, Arabic and Amazigh, which are spoken in the streets and villages of Morocco . Classical Arabic , more commonly known as Literary Arabic , is the administrative language of the country. Generally speaking , you will hear Moroccan Arabic spoken in the streets.
Vocabulary and loanwords. Most vocabulary of Moroccan Arabic language is derived from Classical Arabic and Amazigh, supplemented by French and Spanish loanwords. There are noticeable lexical differences between Moroccan Arabic and most other Arabic languages.
The difficulty in learning Moroccan Arabic stems from the fact that there is only a small amount of books or methods dedicated to that particular dialect. It’s hard to find good quality material to help you learn the colloquial language spoken in Morocco . Learning Moroccan Arabic per se isn’t hard .
Both groups have different languages. The Berber language belongs to the Afro-Asiatic family of languages while the Arabic language is from the same family. Berbers and Arabs have major and minor settlements in different countries. For the Berbers , they are the dominant race group in Morocco.
Modern Standard Arabic
There are two formal varieties, or اللغة الفصحى al-lugha(t) al-fuṣḥá , One of these, known in English as Modern Standard Arabic (MSA), is used in contexts such as writing, broadcasting, interviewing, and speechmaking. The other, Classical Arabic, is the language of the Qur’an.
According to the Moroccan constitution, Islam is the religion of the state , and the state guarantees freedom of thought, expression, and assembly.
Please : minfadlik (rarely used in Moroccan Arabic) Afak ( Moroccan ) or “Lah ihefdak” (may god protect you) pronounced Lay hefdak.
Useful Expressions Fimt? —- Do you understand? (to a male) If you understand you can answer “Fimt” in an affirmative tone. Fimti? Iyah —- Yes . La —- No. Waloo —- nothing (fimt/i waloo – I don’t understand anything) Ma’arft – I don’t know/I’m not sure. Afak —- Please. Shukrun —- Thank you.
What is the major difference between Egyptian Arabic and Modern Standard Arabic ? They have different sentence structures, totally different grammar and a bit different pronunciation for letters and words. They share the same vocabulary, but you may find the same words used to indicate slightly different meanings.
Berbers are Caucasian, and came from the middle east/North Iran around 7–9000 years ago. They share the light skin gene with europeans (originated 6–9000 years ago). Berbers were part of a massive migration out of the middle east /North Iran that split up into 3 groups.
Berber, self-name Amazigh , plural Imazighen , any of the descendants of the pre-Arab inhabitants of North Africa. The Berbers live in scattered communities across Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mali, Niger, and Mauritania.
Some Moroccans believe themselves to be of mixed Arab-Berber descent or of Arab-Berber -Andalusian ancestry. There are no official figures about the exact ethnic origins of all Moroccans, but the implicitly accepted idea inside and outside Morocco is that Moroccans are essentially mixed Arab-Berbers .