Berber, self-name Amazigh, plural Imazighen , any of the descendants of the pre-Arab inhabitants of North Africa. The Berbers live in scattered communities across Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mali, Niger, and Mauritania.
Morocco: Brief history of the Berbers including their origins and geographic location. The Berbers of Morocco are the descendants of the prehistoric Caspian culture of North Africa. The de-Berberization of North Africa began with Punic settlement and accelerated under Roman, Vandal, Byzantine and Arab rule.
The term Berber is used to describe two types of carpet: Modern, everyday Berbers that are normally brown or beige with lighter flecks of colour in them.
Morocco is a Northern African country , bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and the annexed Western Sahara. It is one of only three nations (along with Spain and France) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines.
The Moors initially were the indigenous Maghrebine Berbers . The name was later also applied to Arabs and Arabized Iberians. The term has also been used in Europe in a broader, somewhat derogatory sense to refer to Muslims in general, especially those of Arab or Berber descent, whether living in Spain or North Africa.
They mostly adhere to Sunni Islam , but this too is infused with elements of native religions. Varying in lifestyle, attitudes and beliefs , the Berbers are far more diverse than the Romans (or so many others) ever understood.
Ethnic groups in Algeria include Arab-Berbers, who represent 99% of the population, though according to the The World Factbook “although almost all Algerians are Berber in origin (not Arab), only a minority identify themselves as primarily Berber, about 40-55% of the total population”.
Traditionally, the term “ Berber ” has been used to refer to the indigenous peoples of North Africa. This term, inherently discriminatory, was coined by Arab conquerors and also used by European colonizers. Barbari, in Arabic, means gibberish, babble, etc., and also means barbaric.
From the Middle Ages to the 17th century, however, Europeans depicted Moors as being black , “swarthy,” or “ tawny ” in skin colour . ( Othello, Shakespeare’s Moor of Venice, comes to mind in such a context.)
Although Egypt sits in the north of the African continent it is considered by many to be a Middle Eastern country, partly because the main spoken language there is Egyptian Arabic, the main religion is Islam and it is a member of the Arab League.
The Berber languages (or Tamazight ) are a group of closely related languages mainly spoken in Morocco and Algeria. A very sparse population extends into the whole Sahara and the northern part of the Sahel. They belong to the Afro-Asiatic languages phylum.
Despite its economic progress, 4 million Moroccans remain in poverty and live on less than $4 a day. Poverty in Morocco remains an issue. Recognizing the poverty crisis in Morocco is essential to alleviating it; such a feat is possible through providing facts about poverty in Morocco to the public.
Unlike Iran’s Sunni-majority neighbors with sizable Shiite minorities – such as Pakistan, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates – about 99 percent of Morocco’s population are Sunni Muslims and there is only a very small community of Shiite converts in the country.
According to the Moroccan constitution, Islam is the religion of the state , and the state guarantees freedom of thought, expression, and assembly.