This map shows the division of colonized Morocco between Spain and France . The French Protectorate(green) controlled a larger portion of Morocco than the Spanish Protectorate(pink/red). The coastal city, Tangier(yellow), was an international zone while the rest of Morocco was taken over.
Before the advent of colonization and the imposition of the protectorate on Morocco , the country was fully sovereign, independent, and united. And the Sahara was under Moroccan sovereignty. During that era there was no entity whatsoever in the Sahara that was separate from Morocco .
The Spanish protectorate in Morocco was established on 27 November 1912 by a treaty between France and Spain that converted the Spanish sphere of influence in Morocco into a formal protectorate. Spanish protectorate in Morocco .
|Spanish Protectorate in Morocco Protectorado español en Marruecos الحماية الإسبانية على المغرب|
The Berbers were Morocco’s original inhabitants. The Arabs arrived at the end of the seventh century, after sweeping across North Africa and the Middle East in the name of their new revolutionary ideology, Islam.
Geographical divides play a major role in Morocco’s poverty; of the 4 million people living in poverty in Morocco , 3 million reside in rural areas. Nearly 19 percent of Morocco’s population lives on less than $4 a day. Three factors impede Morocco’s development: illiteracy, financial inequality and economic volatility.
Morocco is a Northern African country , bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and the annexed Western Sahara. It is one of only three nations (along with Spain and France) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines.
French Protectorate in Morocco
|French Protectorate of Morocco Protectorat français au Maroc الحماية الفرنسية في المغرب|
|The French conquest of Morocco , c. 1907–1927|
|Status||Military administration (1912) Protectorate (1912– 1956 )|
Based on the historical records from the Fragmentary Annals of Ireland, the Vikings have raided a part in the north of Morocco during the 860’s, where they battled the Berber Kingdom of the Moors.
Some of the positive effects that were the outcome of Colonization of the French and Spanish in Morocco is that both Spanish and French Protectorates allowed the sultan, ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz, to maintain his integrity. Also, even though the French and Spanish allowed the country to keep its Sultan, he had little to no power.
On 7 April 1956, France officially relinquished its protectorate in Morocco . The abolition of the Spanish protectorate and the recognition of Moroccan independence by Spain were negotiated separately and made final in the Joint Declaration of April 1956.
The tiny Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla sit on the northern shores of Morocco’s Mediterranean coast. Together they form the European Union’s only land borders with Africa. Madrid asserts that both territories are integral parts of Spain and have the same status as the semi-autonomous regions on its mainland.
Some Moroccans believe themselves to be of mixed Arab-Berber descent or of Arab-Berber-Andalusian ancestry. There are no official figures about the exact ethnic origins of all Moroccans , but the implicitly accepted idea inside and outside Morocco is that Moroccans are essentially mixed Arab-Berbers.
Berber, self -name Amazigh, plural Imazighen , any of the descendants of the pre-Arab inhabitants of North Africa. The Berbers live in scattered communities across Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mali, Niger, and Mauritania.
the Uqba ibn Nafi
Moroccans (Arabic: المغاربة al-Maġāriba, Berber: ⵉⵎⵖⵕⴰⴱⵉⵢⵏ Imɣṛabiyen), ancient names Spanish: Moros and English: Moors and The Moorish People, are a Berber Maghrebi nation inhabiting or originating from the modern day country of Morocco in North Africa and who share a common Moroccan culture and ancestry.