In 1859, Morocco went to war with Spain. Germany attempted to counter the growing French influence, leading to the First Moroccan Crisis of 1905–1906, and the Second Moroccan Crisis of 1911. Morocco became a French Protectorate through the Treaty of Fez in 1912.
Motivation. Like most imperializing countries, the Spanish and French wanted to colonize Morocco because they wanted power. Feelings of nationalism made people proud of all that their country had achieved. France had already taken control of Algeria, which borders Morocco , and wanted to take over Morocco as well.
French Protectorate in Morocco
|French Protectorate of Morocco Protectorat français au Maroc الحماية الفرنسية في المغرب|
|Common languages||French (official, administrative) Arabic Amazigh (Berber) languages Moroccan Arabic|
|Religion||Roman Catholicism Judaism Islam (majority)|
Post-Conflict Phase (November 6, 1955- March 2, 1956 ): France agreed to grant Morocco its independence on November 5, 1955, and Sultan Sidi Mohammed ben Yusef was restored as sultan. Morocco formally achieved its independence from France on March 2, 1956 .
Despite its economic progress, 4 million Moroccans remain in poverty and live on less than $4 a day. Poverty in Morocco remains an issue. Recognizing the poverty crisis in Morocco is essential to alleviating it; such a feat is possible through providing facts about poverty in Morocco to the public.
Although Muslims are forbidden to drink alcohol , Morocco is a moderate Islamic country and you are likely to feel free to drink in moderation in private or where alcohol is being served. In medinas alcohol cannot be purchased in shops, although many riads and hotels offer it.
It’s very uncommon and frowned on to show a lot of affection in public. Holding hands in Morocco is fine. A hug here or there, a stolen kiss all fine in most situations. The more rural you are the more frowned on public displays of affection are.
The main religion in Morocco is Islam , which is the state religion, although freedom of religious belief is also guaranteed to all. Officially, 99% of the population are Muslims , and virtually all of those are Sunni.
While capital punishment remains a legal penalty in Morocco , no executions have taken place since 1993, when Mohamed Tabet was executed following a 10-year moratorium.
It is considered a prestige language in Morocco , and is often used for business, diplomacy, and government, serving as a lingua franca with non- Moroccans and non-Arabs. According to the OIF, 33% of Moroccans speak French , among them 13.5% are fully francophone (fluent speakers) and 19.5% partially francophone.
During World War II, Morocco , which was then occupied by France, was controlled by Vichy France from 1940 to 1942 after the occupation of France by Nazi Germany .
The French conquest of Morocco (Arabic: غزو فرنسا للمغرب ” French Invasion of Morocco “, French : Campagne du Maroc ” Morocco Campaign” or pacification du Maroc “Pacification of Morocco “) began in 1907 and continued until 1934.
1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez, administered by a French Resident-General. Spain continues to operate its coastal protectorate. The sultan has a largely figurehead role. 1921-6 – Tribal rebellion in Rif mountains is suppressed by French and Spanish troops.