Motivation. Like most imperializing countries, the Spanish and French wanted to colonize Morocco because they wanted power. Feelings of nationalism made people proud of all that their country had achieved. France had already taken control of Algeria, which borders Morocco , and wanted to take over Morocco as well.
Crisis (March 30, 1912-August 18, 1955): France established a protectorate over Morocco as a result of the signing of the Treaty of Fez on March 30, 1912. Moroccan soldiers mutinied against French commanders in Fez beginning on April 17, 1912. General Robert Moinier declared a state of siege.
Morocco became a French Protectorate through the Treaty of Fez in 1912.
Some of the positive effects that were the outcome of Colonization of the French and Spanish in Morocco is that both Spanish and French Protectorates allowed the sultan, ʿAbd al-ʿAzīz, to maintain his integrity. Also, even though the French and Spanish allowed the country to keep its Sultan, he had little to no power.
During World War II, Morocco , which was then occupied by France, was controlled by Vichy France from 1940 to 1942 after the occupation of France by Nazi Germany .
Before the advent of colonization and the imposition of the protectorate on Morocco , the country was fully sovereign, independent, and united. And the Sahara was under Moroccan sovereignty. During that era there was no entity whatsoever in the Sahara that was separate from Morocco .
Spain finally ceded its southern zone through the Treaty of Angra de Cintra on 1 April 1958, after the short Ifni War. Since France already held a protectorate over the entire country and controlled Morocco’s foreign affairs (since 30 March 1912), it also held the power to delegate a zone to Spanish protection.
French Protectorate in Morocco
|French Protectorate of Morocco Protectorat français au Maroc الحماية الفرنسية في المغرب|
|The French conquest of Morocco , c. 1907–1927|
|Status||Military administration (1912) Protectorate (1912– 1956 )|
French Moroccans or Franco- Moroccans ( French : Franco-marocains), are French people of Moroccan descent living in France . Following the French protectorate in Morocco from 1912 to 1956, many Moroccans chose to immigrate to France from the 1960s to the present due to France’s favorable economic conditions.
1936 – Melilla is the first Spanish town where the military garrison rose against the Popular Front Government at the start of the Spanish Civil War. 1956 – Spain retains Ceuta and Melilla after Morocco becomes independent. 1995 – Spain approves Statute of Autonomy for Ceuta and Melilla.
In the year 1830, Algeria was colonized by the French , leading to over a century of exploitation. The French were clearly seeking a piece of land to exploit for its natural resources and people.
Moroccans (Arabic: المغاربة al-Maġāriba, Berber: ⵉⵎⵖⵕⴰⴱⵉⵢⵏ Imɣṛabiyen), ancient names Spanish: Moros and English: Moors and The Moorish People, are a Berber Maghrebi nation inhabiting or originating from the modern day country of Morocco in North Africa and who share a common Moroccan culture and ancestry.