Motivation. Like most imperializing countries, the Spanish and French wanted to colonize Morocco because they wanted power. Feelings of nationalism made people proud of all that their country had achieved. France had already taken control of Algeria, which borders Morocco , and wanted to take over Morocco as well.
France officially established a protectorate over Morocco with the Treaty of Fez, ending what remained of the country’s de facto independence. From a strictly legal point of view, the treaty did not deprive Morocco of its status as a sovereign state. The Sultan reigned but did not rule.
Morocco became a French Protectorate through the Treaty of Fez in 1912.
1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez, administered by a French Resident-General. Spain continues to operate its coastal protectorate. The sultan has a largely figurehead role. 1921-6 – Tribal rebellion in Rif mountains is suppressed by French and Spanish troops.
The French conquest of Morocco (Arabic: غزو فرنسا للمغرب ” French Invasion of Morocco “, French : Campagne du Maroc ” Morocco Campaign” or pacification du Maroc “Pacification of Morocco “) began in 1907 and continued until 1934.
The northern zone became part of independent Morocco on 7 April 1956 , shortly after France had ceded its protectorate (French Morocco). Spain finally ceded its southern zone through the Treaty of Angra de Cintra on 1 April 1958 , after the short Ifni War.
Morocco has long been considered the most Western-oriented society in the Arab world. For Morocco is not an Arab country at all, but a Berber one with a deceptive Arab veneer. Half the Moroccan population speaks Berber, a Hamitic language similar to ancient Libyan with an alphabet that bears no resemblance to Arabic .
The tiny Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla sit on the northern shores of Morocco’s Mediterranean coast. Together they form the European Union’s only land borders with Africa. Madrid asserts that both territories are integral parts of Spain and have the same status as the semi-autonomous regions on its mainland.
Based on the historical records from the Fragmentary Annals of Ireland, the Vikings have raided a part in the north of Morocco during the 860’s, where they battled the Berber Kingdom of the Moors.
Satellite view is showing Casablanca , the country’s chief port at the north west coast of Morocco . The city, then known as Anfa, was founded and settled by Amazigh (Berber) in the 10th century BC, it was used as a trading port by the Phoenicians, and later run for some times by the Romans.
Many people come to Morocco and have a romantic version of what Casablanca must be, thanks to the 1943 movie by the same name. But, the reality is Casablanca at that time and Casablanca’s portrayal in the film was merely a Hollywood construct and has very little to do with history or reality.
Torch was a compromise operation that met the British objective of securing victory in North Africa while allowing American armed forces the opportunity to engage in the fight against Nazi Germany on a limited scale. Operation Torch .
|Date||8 November 1942 – 13 May 1943|
|Location||French Morocco , French Algeria|