March 30, 1912
Morocco became a French Protectorate through the Treaty of Fez in 1912.
Motivation. Like most imperializing countries, the Spanish and French wanted to colonize Morocco because they wanted power. Feelings of nationalism made people proud of all that their country had achieved. France had already taken control of Algeria, which borders Morocco , and wanted to take over Morocco as well.
Lyautey was sent to Morocco in 1912, the year Morocco became a French Protectorate. Lyautey was aware of the religion and traditions of the Moroccans . so he tried not to offend them. Under Louis, the French people helped the natives, teaching them methods to improve their farming.
During World War II, Morocco , which was then occupied by France, was controlled by Vichy France from 1940 to 1942 after the occupation of France by Nazi Germany .
Despite its economic progress, 4 million Moroccans remain in poverty and live on less than $4 a day. Poverty in Morocco remains an issue. Recognizing the poverty crisis in Morocco is essential to alleviating it; such a feat is possible through providing facts about poverty in Morocco to the public.
Some Moroccans believe themselves to be of mixed Arab-Berber descent or of Arab-Berber -Andalusian ancestry. There are no official figures about the exact ethnic origins of all Moroccans, but the implicitly accepted idea inside and outside Morocco is that Moroccans are essentially mixed Arab-Berbers .
Morocco has long been considered the most Western-oriented society in the Arab world. For Morocco is not an Arab country at all, but a Berber one with a deceptive Arab veneer. Half the Moroccan population speaks Berber, a Hamitic language similar to ancient Libyan with an alphabet that bears no resemblance to Arabic .
The main religion in Morocco is Islam , which is the state religion, although freedom of religious belief is also guaranteed to all. Officially, 99% of the population are Muslims , and virtually all of those are Sunni.
While capital punishment remains a legal penalty in Morocco , no executions have taken place since 1993, when Mohamed Tabet was executed following a 10-year moratorium.
The northern zone became part of independent Morocco on 7 April 1956 , shortly after France had ceded its protectorate (French Morocco). Spain finally ceded its southern zone through the Treaty of Angra de Cintra on 1 April 1958 , after the short Ifni War.
The French conquest of Morocco (Arabic: غزو فرنسا للمغرب ” French Invasion of Morocco “, French : Campagne du Maroc ” Morocco Campaign” or pacification du Maroc “Pacification of Morocco “) began in 1907 and continued until 1934.
1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez, administered by a French Resident-General. Spain continues to operate its coastal protectorate. The sultan has a largely figurehead role. 1921-6 – Tribal rebellion in Rif mountains is suppressed by French and Spanish troops.
French Moroccans or Franco- Moroccans ( French : Franco-marocains), are French people of Moroccan descent living in France . Following the French protectorate in Morocco from 1912 to 1956, many Moroccans chose to immigrate to France from the 1960s to the present due to France’s favorable economic conditions.