Post-Conflict Phase (November 6, 1955- March 2, 1956 ): France agreed to grant Morocco its independence on November 5, 1955, and Sultan Sidi Mohammed ben Yusef was restored as sultan. Morocco formally achieved its independence from France on March 2, 1956 .
Every year Morocco celebrates its Independence Day , the Eid Al Istiqulal, on November 18 to honor the return of their King Mohammed to Morocco . A grand reception is held at the imperial palace; colorful parades, and street vendors selling traditional food mark the Independence Day celebrations .
While there are too many festivals and holidays to name them all here, here’s a list of the main ones to keep an eye out for. Yennayer (Amazigh New Year) Almond Blossom Festival. International Nomads Festival. Ramadan . Eid al-Fitr . Fes World Sacred Music Festival. Eid al-Adha . Milad un Nabi.
On 7 April 1956, France officially relinquished its protectorate in Morocco . The abolition of the Spanish protectorate and the recognition of Moroccan independence by Spain were negotiated separately and made final in the Joint Declaration of April 1956.
Spain finally ceded its southern zone through the Treaty of Angra de Cintra on 1 April 1958, after the short Ifni War. Since France already held a protectorate over the entire country and controlled Morocco’s foreign affairs (since 30 March 1912), it also held the power to delegate a zone to Spanish protection.
Some Moroccans believe themselves to be of mixed Arab-Berber descent or of Arab-Berber-Andalusian ancestry. There are no official figures about the exact ethnic origins of all Moroccans , but the implicitly accepted idea inside and outside Morocco is that Moroccans are essentially mixed Arab-Berbers.
This map shows the division of colonized Morocco between Spain and France. The French Protectorate(green) controlled a larger portion of Morocco than the Spanish Protectorate(pink/red). The coastal city, Tangier(yellow), was an international zone while the rest of Morocco was taken over.
The Green March was a strategic mass demonstration in November 1975, coordinated by the Moroccan government, to force Spain to hand over the disputed, autonomous semi-metropolitan province of Spanish Sahara to Morocco . Morocco later gained control over most of the former Spanish Sahara, which it continues to hold.
Morocco’s culture is a blend of religious and ethnic traditions, encompassing Berber, Arab, African, Mediterranean, and Jewish influences. Greetings involve a handshake and friendly inquiries after health, happiness and family – no business is discussed until after these pleasantries.
During World War II, Morocco , which was then occupied by France, was controlled by Vichy France from 1940 to 1942 after the occupation of France by Nazi Germany .