The Arabic word maghreb means “place where the sun sets”, i.e. The west, in opposition to mashriq “place where the sun rises”, i.e. The east. In modern usage the Maghreb comprises the political units of Morocco , Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania.
|Countries and territories||Algeria Libya Mauritania Morocco Tunisia Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic|
|Major regional organizations||Arab League, Arab Maghreb Union, COMESA, Community of Sahel-Saharan States, Union for the Mediterranean|
The Maghreb region in North Africa comprises the countries Algeria , Libya , Mauritania , Morocco , and Tunisia .
It is bound by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Morocco to the west, Mauritania and Mali to the southwest, Niger to the southeast, Libya to the east and Tunisia to the northeast. It is completely surrounded by Senegal to the north, east, and south and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Despite its economic progress, 4 million Moroccans remain in poverty and live on less than $4 a day. Poverty in Morocco remains an issue. Recognizing the poverty crisis in Morocco is essential to alleviating it; such a feat is possible through providing facts about poverty in Morocco to the public.
Berber, self-name Amazigh, plural Imazighen , any of the descendants of the pre-Arab inhabitants of North Africa. The Berbers live in scattered communities across Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mali, Niger, and Mauritania.
The African continent is commonly divided into five subregions: North or Northern Africa , West Africa , Central or Middle Africa , East Africa , and Southern Africa .
Some Moroccans believe themselves to be of mixed Arab-Berber descent or of Arab-Berber-Andalusian ancestry. There are no official figures about the exact ethnic origins of all Moroccans , but the implicitly accepted idea inside and outside Morocco is that Moroccans are essentially mixed Arab-Berbers.
An Arab can be defined as a member of a Semitic people, inhabiting much of the Middle East and North Africa. The ties that bind Arabs are ethnic, linguistic, cultural, historical, nationalist, geographical, political, often also relating to religion and to cultural identity.
Some Berber-speaking North Africans may identify as ” Arab ” depending on the social and political circumstances, although substantial numbers of Berbers (or Amazighen) have retained a distinct cultural identity which in the 20th century has been expressed as a clear ethnic identification with Berber history and language
Egyptians are not considered part of the Levant because Egyptians are connected more to the Nile Valley where they built one of the first world known civilizations. Egypt is also considered a Mediterranean country that shares a lot in common with other Mediterranean nations, including the people of the Maghreb .
Inland from the Sahel, between the Dorsal and a range of hills south of Gafsa, are the steppes. Much of the southern region is desert . Tunisia has a coastline 1,148 kilometres (713 miles) long.
Tunisia’s climate is Mediterranean in the north, with mild rainy winters and hot, dry summers. The south of the country is desert . The terrain in the north is mountainous, which, moving south, gives way to a hot, dry central plain. The south is semiarid, and merges into the Sahara.
In Tunis , the summers are short, hot, humid, dry, and clear and the winters are long, cold, windy, and partly cloudy. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 46°F to 94°F and is rarely below 40°F or above 102°F.