This map shows the division of colonized Morocco between Spain and France . The French Protectorate(green) controlled a larger portion of Morocco than the Spanish Protectorate(pink/red). The coastal city, Tangier(yellow), was an international zone while the rest of Morocco was taken over.
Before the advent of colonization and the imposition of the protectorate on Morocco , the country was fully sovereign, independent, and united. And the Sahara was under Moroccan sovereignty. During that era there was no entity whatsoever in the Sahara that was separate from Morocco .
The Spanish protectorate in Morocco was established on 27 November 1912 by a treaty between France and Spain that converted the Spanish sphere of influence in Morocco into a formal protectorate. Spanish protectorate in Morocco .
|Spanish Protectorate in Morocco Protectorado español en Marruecos الحماية الإسبانية على المغرب|
French Morocco (1912-1956) Crisis (March 30, 1912-August 18, 1955): France established a protectorate over Morocco as a result of the signing of the Treaty of Fez on March 30, 1912.
Geographical divides play a major role in Morocco’s poverty; of the 4 million people living in poverty in Morocco , 3 million reside in rural areas. Nearly 19 percent of Morocco’s population lives on less than $4 a day. Three factors impede Morocco’s development: illiteracy, financial inequality and economic volatility.
During World War II, Morocco , which was then occupied by France, was controlled by Vichy France from 1940 to 1942 after the occupation of France by Nazi Germany .
On 7 April 1956, France officially relinquished its protectorate in Morocco . The abolition of the Spanish protectorate and the recognition of Moroccan independence by Spain were negotiated separately and made final in the Joint Declaration of April 1956.
Some Moroccans believe themselves to be of mixed Arab-Berber descent or of Arab-Berber-Andalusian ancestry. There are no official figures about the exact ethnic origins of all Moroccans , but the implicitly accepted idea inside and outside Morocco is that Moroccans are essentially mixed Arab-Berbers.
The tiny Spanish enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla sit on the northern shores of Morocco’s Mediterranean coast. Together they form the European Union’s only land borders with Africa. Madrid asserts that both territories are integral parts of Spain and have the same status as the semi-autonomous regions on its mainland.
French Moroccans or Franco- Moroccans ( French : Franco-marocains), are French people of Moroccan descent living in France . Following the French protectorate in Morocco from 1912 to 1956, many Moroccans chose to immigrate to France from the 1960s to the present due to France’s favorable economic conditions.
The French conquest of Morocco (Arabic: غزو فرنسا للمغرب ” French Invasion of Morocco “, French : Campagne du Maroc ” Morocco Campaign” or pacification du Maroc “Pacification of Morocco “) began in 1907 and continued until 1934.
Morocco was made a French protectorate in 1912 but regained independence in 1956. Today it is the only monarchy in North Africa.