Morocco is a neighbouring and associated country of the European Union . The relations between the two are framed in the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and the Union for the Mediterranean. The main legal ties between Morocco and the EU are set by the 2000 Association Agreement.
Morocco is a Northern African country , bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and the annexed Western Sahara. It is one of only three nations (along with Spain and France) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines.
There are five recognised candidates for membership of the European Union: Turkey (applied in 1987), North Macedonia (applied in 2004), Montenegro (applied in 2008), Albania (applied in 2009), and Serbia (applied in 2009).
The EU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain and Sweden.
Norway had considered joining both the EEC and the European Union, but opted to decline following referendums in 1972 and 1994. According to the European Social Survey conducted in 2018, 73.6% of Norwegians would vote ‘No’ in a Referendum to join the European Union.
Morocco is seeking to position itself as a continental power sitting at the top of the political and economic table in Africa. By joining ECOWAS Morocco would have additional opportunities and benefits in the international community and would also benefit from the Arab League quota as well as West African quota.
Polygamy in Morocco is legal, but very uncommon due to restrictions that were introduced by the government in 2004 that mandated financial qualifications a husband must meet in order to marry a second wife . In addition, a husband must have written permission from his current wife before marrying a second wife .
Morocco has long been considered the most Western-oriented society in the Arab world. For Morocco is not an Arab country at all, but a Berber one with a deceptive Arab veneer. Half the Moroccan population speaks Berber, a Hamitic language similar to ancient Libyan with an alphabet that bears no resemblance to Arabic .
In 1777, Morocco was the first country in the world to formally acknowledge the United States as an independent nation. It is also crucial to note that Morocco has been a loyal and indispensable American ally during these trying political times in the Maghreb, of which Morocco is an integral part.
Since 2016 accession negotiations have stalled. The EU has accused and criticized Turkey for human rights violations and deficits in rule of law. In 2017, EU officials expressed that planned Turkish policies violate the Copenhagen criteria of eligibility for an EU membership.
Albania submitted answers to the European Commission’s questionnaire, but candidacy status was not granted by the EU in December 2010 due to a long-lasting political row in the country. The European Commission proposed visa free travel for Albania.
Switzerland signed a free-trade agreement with the then European Economic Community in 1972, which entered into force in 1973. However, after a Swiss referendum held on 6 December 1992 rejected EEA membership by 50.3% to 49.7%, the Swiss government decided to suspend negotiations for EU membership until further notice.
27 EU countries
27 member states