French Protectorate in Morocco
|French Protectorate of Morocco Protectorat français au Maroc الحماية الفرنسية في المغرب|
|The French conquest of Morocco , c. 1907–1927|
|Status||Military administration (1912) Protectorate (1912– 1956 )|
Motivation. Like most imperializing countries, the Spanish and French wanted to colonize Morocco because they wanted power. Feelings of nationalism made people proud of all that their country had achieved. France had already taken control of Algeria, which borders Morocco , and wanted to take over Morocco as well.
1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez. 1956 – End of French protectorate after unrest and strong nationalist sentiment. Spain keeps its two coastal enclaves. Sultan Mohammed becomes king in 1957.
During World War II, Morocco , which was then occupied by France, was controlled by Vichy France from 1940 to 1942 after the occupation of France by Nazi Germany .
Despite its economic progress, 4 million Moroccans remain in poverty and live on less than $4 a day. Poverty in Morocco remains an issue. Recognizing the poverty crisis in Morocco is essential to alleviating it; such a feat is possible through providing facts about poverty in Morocco to the public.
Morocco is a Northern African country , bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and the annexed Western Sahara. It is one of only three nations (along with Spain and France) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines.
Mohammed VI Since 1999
Spain finally ceded its southern zone through the Treaty of Angra de Cintra on 1 April 1958, after the short Ifni War. Since France already held a protectorate over the entire country and controlled Morocco’s foreign affairs (since 30 March 1912), it also held the power to delegate a zone to Spanish protection.
Some Moroccans believe themselves to be of mixed Arab-Berber descent or of Arab-Berber-Andalusian ancestry. There are no official figures about the exact ethnic origins of all Moroccans , but the implicitly accepted idea inside and outside Morocco is that Moroccans are essentially mixed Arab-Berbers.
On 7 April 1956, France officially relinquished its protectorate in Morocco . Through this agreement with Spain in 1956 and another in 1958, Moroccan control over certain Spanish-ruled areas was restored.
2 March 1956
1936 – Melilla is the first Spanish town where the military garrison rose against the Popular Front Government at the start of the Spanish Civil War. 1956 – Spain retains Ceuta and Melilla after Morocco becomes independent. 1995 – Spain approves Statute of Autonomy for Ceuta and Melilla.