Berbers are Caucasian, and came from the middle east/North Iran around 7–9000 years ago. They share the light skin gene with europeans (originated 6–9000 years ago). Berbers were part of a massive migration out of the middle east /North Iran that split up into 3 groups.
Morocco: Brief history of the Berbers including their origins and geographic location. The Berbers of Morocco are the descendants of the prehistoric Caspian culture of North Africa. The de-Berberization of North Africa began with Punic settlement and accelerated under Roman, Vandal, Byzantine and Arab rule.
Berber identity and culture remains predominantly tied to rural North Africa. The reasons for this date back to the Arab conquest of North Africa in the 7th century. Following the consolidation of Islam, Arab invaders swept through North Africa, bringing their culture, language, and religion with them.
Berbers are an Afro-Asiatic ethnic group related to Jews and Arabs. Maghrebis is the Arabic term for North Africans. Moors are North Africans of mixed Arabic and Berber ancestry, some also have Black African,Jewish or other ancestry.
Morocco is a Northern African country , bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and the annexed Western Sahara. It is one of only three nations (along with Spain and France) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines.
Arab- Berbers are people of mixed Arab and Berber origin, most of whom speak a variant of Maghrebi Arabic as their native language, although about 16 to 25 million speak various Berber languages. Many Arab- Berbers identify primarily as Arab and secondarily as Berber .
Ethnic groups in Algeria include Arab-Berbers, who represent 99% of the population, though according to the The World Factbook “although almost all Algerians are Berber in origin (not Arab), only a minority identify themselves as primarily Berber, about 40-55% of the total population”.
What made the Berbers valuable trading partners ? They came up with a written language to translate all the different trade languages. They had tremendous wealth and valuable goods for trading . They had the skills to travel across the Sahara and connect with societies on the other side.
Morocco first experienced Christianity while under Roman rule, as the Empire converted to the faith in its later years. Many of the pre -Christian religions were then reduced in number as Christianity spread. However, after the arrival of Islam , Christianity ceased to have a significant population in the country.
Berbers are often portrayed as nomadic people crossing the desert on camels, but most are farmers in the mountains and valleys throughout northern Africa. Some do trade throughout the region. Historically Berber merchants were responsible for transporting goods by camel caravans.
It is based primarily on corn, barley, ewe’s milk, goat cheese, butter, honey, meat, and game. Popular authentic Berber preparations of Tunisian, Moroccan, Algerian, and Libyan cuisine include tajine, couscous, shakshouka, pastilla, msemen, merguez, asida, lablabi, harissa, makroudh, harira, sfenj, and ahriche.
In Morocco the Drawa Berbers inhabit the region of the river Dra Valley; The Dades live in the North East; The Mesgita, Seddrat and Zeri along inflowing rivers of the North West; The Ghomara live in the Moroccan Rif , the north-eastern region of the country, north of Fez; The Kabyle, meaning “the tribes”, originally
“ Moor ” came to mean anyone who was Muslim or had dark skin; occasionally, Europeans would distinguish between “blackamoors” and “white Moors .” One of the most famous mentions of Moors is in Shakespeare’s play The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of Venice.
Generally, moor refers to highland and high rainfall zones whereas heath refers to lowland zones which are more likely to be the result of human activity. Moorland habitats mostly occur in tropical Africa, northern and western Europe, and neotropical South America.