Fighting erupted last month between Morocco and separatists in the disputed Western Sahara , a territory claimed by Morocco . The sparsely populated region is bordered by Algeria to the east, Mauritania to the east and south, the Atlantic Ocean to the west , and Morocco to the north.
Claims over sovereignty Since the territory was ceded by Spain, Morocco has claimed Western Sahara as an integral part of its kingdom.
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), also called Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic or Saharan Arab Democratic Republic, self-declared state claiming authority over the disputed territory of Western Sahara, which is presently occupied by Morocco.
There are thousands of unexploded mines in the Western Sahara , and occasional reports of fatal explosions. Avoid driving off road and take care on main roads especially when driving in more remote areas. The territory has a poor road safety record.
As a result of pressure from France, the US, and the UK, Spain abandoned Western Sahara on November 14, 1975, going so far as to even exhume Spanish corpses from cemeteries.
How Safe is Western Sahara ? There is currently a cease-fire between the Moroccan government and the POLISARIO Front. The majority of safety concerns are related to unexploded landmines from the conflict. Beware of aggressive theft and harassment (especially if you are a woman).
The 2020s. In November 2020, the ceasefire between the Polisario Front and Morocco broke down, leading to armed clashes between both sides. On 10 December 2020, the United States announced that it would recognize full Moroccan sovereignty over Western Sahara in exchange for Morocco establishing relations with Israel.
Spanish Sahara (Spanish: Sahara Español; Arabic: الصحراء الإسبانية As-Sahrā’a Al-Isbānīyah), officially the Province of the Sahara between 1958 and 1976, was the name used for the modern territory of Western Sahara when it was occupied and ruled by Spain between 1884 and 1976.
The Western Sahara conflict is an ongoing conflict between the Polisario Front and the Kingdom of Morocco. The conflict originated from an insurgency by the Polisario Front against Spanish colonial forces from 1973 to 1975 and the subsequent Western Sahara War against Morocco between 1975 and 1991.
1884 – Spain colonises Western Sahara , an area formerly populated by Berber tribes. 1934 – Becomes a Spanish province known as Spanish Sahara . 1957 – Newly-independent Morocco lays centuries-old claim to Western Sahara .
Morocco has occupied the larger parts of Western Sahara since 1975, and the UN has stated that any further oil exploration is illegal unless it takes place in accordance with the wishes of the people of the territory. The oil companies involved have made no efforts to seek the consent of the Saharawi people.
You do NOT need a tourist visa to travel to this country.
SAHARA IS VERY SAFE FOR TRAVELERS I never faced any serious danger since then. Also, many people confuse Sahara Desert with Western Sahara . They are very different actually. We usually recommend our travelers to go at erg Chebbi dunes, near Merzouga.
Hassaniya , an Arabic dialect, is the native language spoken in Western Sahara and in the refugee camps in Tindouf in Algeria. There is also a significant presence of Berber language speakers in the northern parts of the territory of Western Sahara.