1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez. 1956 – End of French protectorate after unrest and strong nationalist sentiment. Spain keeps its two coastal enclaves. Sultan Mohammed becomes king in 1957.
Morocco is a Northern African country , bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and the annexed Western Sahara . It is one of only three nations (along with Spain and France) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines.
Morocco has long been considered the most Western-oriented society in the Arab world. For Morocco is not an Arab country at all, but a Berber one with a deceptive Arab veneer. Half the Moroccan population speaks Berber, a Hamitic language similar to ancient Libyan with an alphabet that bears no resemblance to Arabic .
In 1777, Morocco was the first country in the world to formally acknowledge the United States as an independent nation. It is also crucial to note that Morocco has been a loyal and indispensable American ally during these trying political times in the Maghreb, of which Morocco is an integral part.
The world’s largest desert that covers 10 countries, Morocco is great for visiting these magnificent sand dunes and spending the night under the stars in a traditional Berber camp. 3. Great spicy/tasty cuisine: Moroccans are famous for their delicious and spicy cuisine.
Polygamy in Morocco is legal, but very uncommon due to restrictions that were introduced by the government in 2004 that mandated financial qualifications a husband must meet in order to marry a second wife . In addition, a husband must have written permission from his current wife before marrying a second wife .
At its narrowest point, the Strait of Gibraltar separates Spain from Morocco by just 14.5 kilometers/9 miles. Here, the African and European continents are so close that it’s actually possible to swim from one to the other.
Morocco is located in the northwest corner of Africa and is bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Algeria and Western Sahara are the land borders to the south and east.
Some Moroccans believe themselves to be of mixed Arab-Berber descent or of Arab-Berber -Andalusian ancestry. There are no official figures about the exact ethnic origins of all Moroccans, but the implicitly accepted idea inside and outside Morocco is that Moroccans are essentially mixed Arab-Berbers .
Despite its economic progress, 4 million Moroccans remain in poverty and live on less than $4 a day. Poverty in Morocco remains an issue. Recognizing the poverty crisis in Morocco is essential to alleviating it; such a feat is possible through providing facts about poverty in Morocco to the public.
According to the Moroccan constitution, Islam is the religion of the state , and the state guarantees freedom of thought, expression, and assembly.
Morocco formally recognized the United States by signing a treaty of peace and friendship in 1786, a document that remains the longest unbroken relationship in U.S. history. Full diplomatic relations began in 1905.
All forms of English refer to US citizens as Americans , a term deriving from the United States of America , the country’s official name. In the English context, it came to refer to inhabitants of British North America , and then the United States . The name America came from the Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci.
During World War II , Morocco , which was then occupied by France, was controlled by Vichy France from 1940 to 1942 after the occupation of France by Nazi Germany. However, after the North African Campaign, Morocco was under Allied control and thus was active in Allied operations until the end of the war.