The main religion in Morocco is Islam , which is the state religion, although freedom of religious belief is also guaranteed to all. Officially, 99% of the population are Muslims , and virtually all of those are Sunni .
Article 3 of the Moroccan constitution “guarantees to all the free exercise of beliefs”. However, the Moroccan criminal code prohibits conversions to other religions than Islam.
Almost all Moroccans follow Islam and a large majority are Sunni Muslims , belonging to the Maliki school of Islamic jurisprudence. Other minority religions include Christianity, Judaism and Bahaism.
The constitution of Morocco establishes that Islam is the state religion of Morocco , and also grants freedom of thought, expression, assembly, and the right for everyone to “conduct their religious affairs”.
Of the world’s major religions, Christianity is the largest, with more than two billion followers. Christianity is based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ and is approximately 2,000 years old.
Some Moroccans believe themselves to be of mixed Arab-Berber descent or of Arab-Berber-Andalusian ancestry. There are no official figures about the exact ethnic origins of all Moroccans , but the implicitly accepted idea inside and outside Morocco is that Moroccans are essentially mixed Arab-Berbers.
There are a number of languages of Morocco . The two official languages are Standard Arabic and Tamazight. According to a 2012 study by the Government of Spain, 98% of Moroccans spoke Moroccan Arabic, 63% spoke French, 43% Amazigh, 14% spoke English , and 10% spoke Spanish.
The Spanish protectorate in Morocco was established on 27 November 1912 by a treaty between France and Spain that converted the Spanish sphere of influence in Morocco into a formal protectorate. Spanish protectorate in Morocco .
|Spanish Protectorate in Morocco Protectorado español en Marruecos الحماية الإسبانية على المغرب|
Islam was first brought to Morocco in 680 by an Arab invasion under the Uqba ibn Nafi, who was a general serving under the Umayyads of Damascus. In 788, The Zaydi Shia Idrisids ruled large parts of Morocco . After several Berbers formed more powerful Islamic dynasties that reigned over the country.
March 30, 1912
The English name Morocco is an anglicisation of the Spanish “Marruecos”, from which also derives the Tuscan “Morrocco”, the origin of the Italian “Marocco”.