French Protectorate in Morocco
|French Protectorate of Morocco Protectorat français au Maroc الحماية الفرنسية في المغرب|
|The French conquest of Morocco , c. 1907–1927|
|Status||Military administration (1912) Protectorate (1912– 1956 )|
Morocco officially gained independence on 2 March 1956 after the signing of a joint declaration in Paris to replace the Treaty of Fez that had established the protectorate in 1912. Tunisia’s turn would come just a few weeks later.
March 2, 1956
Despite its economic progress, 4 million Moroccans remain in poverty and live on less than $4 a day. Poverty in Morocco remains an issue. Recognizing the poverty crisis in Morocco is essential to alleviating it; such a feat is possible through providing facts about poverty in Morocco to the public.
Motivation. Like most imperializing countries, the Spanish and French wanted to colonize Morocco because they wanted power. Feelings of nationalism made people proud of all that their country had achieved. France had already taken control of Algeria, which borders Morocco , and wanted to take over Morocco as well.
The northern zone became part of independent Morocco on 7 April 1956 , shortly after France had ceded its protectorate (French Morocco). Spain finally ceded its southern zone through the Treaty of Angra de Cintra on 1 April 1958 , after the short Ifni War.
Before the advent of colonization and the imposition of the protectorate on Morocco , the country was fully sovereign, independent, and united. And the Sahara was under Moroccan sovereignty. During that era there was no entity whatsoever in the Sahara that was separate from Morocco .
In 1777, Morocco was the first country in the world to formally acknowledge the United States as an independent nation. It is also crucial to note that Morocco has been a loyal and indispensable American ally during these trying political times in the Maghreb, of which Morocco is an integral part.
Morocco has long been considered the most Western-oriented society in the Arab world. For Morocco is not an Arab country at all, but a Berber one with a deceptive Arab veneer. Half the Moroccan population speaks Berber, a Hamitic language similar to ancient Libyan with an alphabet that bears no resemblance to Arabic .
As a large and diffuse ethnic group, the Moors consisted mostly of Berbers from Morocco and Western Algeria, sub-Saharan Africans from Mauritania, Northern Senegal, and Western Mali, Arab Bedouins, and Arab elite mostly from Yemen and Syria.
During World War II, Morocco , which was then occupied by France, was controlled by Vichy France from 1940 to 1942 after the occupation of France by Nazi Germany .
In 1859, Morocco went to war with Spain. Germany attempted to counter the growing French influence, leading to the First Moroccan Crisis of 1905–1906, and the Second Moroccan Crisis of 1911. Morocco became a French Protectorate through the Treaty of Fez in 1912.
Some Moroccans believe themselves to be of mixed Arab-Berber descent or of Arab-Berber-Andalusian ancestry. There are no official figures about the exact ethnic origins of all Moroccans , but the implicitly accepted idea inside and outside Morocco is that Moroccans are essentially mixed Arab-Berbers.